"Population dynamics models for various forms of adaptation" by So Nakashima, Tetsuya J. Kobayashi is published in BPPB as the J-STAGE Advance Publication.

2023 September 02 BPPB

A following article is published as the J-STAGE Advance Publication in "Biophysics and Physicobiology".

So Nakashima, Tetsuya J. Kobayashi
"Population dynamics models for various forms of adaptation"


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Adaptability to changing environments is one of the universal characteristics of living organisms. Because individual modes of adaptation are diverse, a unified understanding of these diverse modes is essential to comprehend adaptation. Adaptations can be categorized from at least two perspectives with respect to information. One is the passivity and activity of adaptation and the other is the type of information transmission. In Darwinian natural selection, organisms are selected among randomly generated traits under which individual organisms are passive in the sense that they do not process any environmental information. On the other hand, organisms can also adapt by sensing their environment and changing their traits. This is an active adaptation in that it makes use of environmental information. In terms of information transfer, adaptation through phenotypic heterogeneity, such as bacterial bet-hedging, is intragenerational in which traits are not passed on to the next generation. In contrast, adaptation through genetic diversity is intergenerational. The theory of population dynamics enables us to unify these various modes of adaptations % due to different modes of information utilization and transmission, and their properties can be analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively using techniques from quantitative genetics and information thermodynamics. In addition, such methods can be applied to situations where organisms can learn from past experiences and pass them on from generation to generation. In this work, we introduce the unified theory of biological adaptation based on population dynamics and show its potential applications to evaluate the fitness value of information and to analyze experimental lineage tree data. Finally, we discuss future perspectives for its development. This review article is an extended version of the Japanese article in SEIBUTSU BUTSURI Vol. 57, p.287-290 (2017).

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